The quantum foundation

A brief, introductory dive into classical and quantum physics highlighting some bizarre behaviour of our surrounding environment

“I think I can safely say that nobody really understands quantum mechanics” – Richard Feynman, physicist and Nobel laureate – source.


A symbolic image for our brief introductory dive into classical and quantum physics

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Content in a flash

  1. Why it is important to explore common universal laws – Understanding the common frame of our existence is crucial to get one or more steps closer to the nature of aliens;
  2. Quantum physics as a golden path to understanding – Quantum physics is at the base of our entire observable universe;
  3. Einstein’s breakthroughs – We sum up the list of the most meaningful achievements of the notorious scientist;
  4. Quantum physics for dummies – Quantum physics explained in layman’s terms, something we have been waited for a very long time to see. The key points are that reality is not as fixed as it appears to be and spirituality is not a standalone, meaningless discipline;
  5. Entanglement and Non-locality – The physical barriers we are familiar with in our everyday life might be an illusion according to science.


1. Why it is important to explore common universal laws

Here at eXtraHumans we tend to be critical of any information and of manifested reality.

Two of our core values are humility and openness: humility to accept that mankind has uncovered a tiny fraction of the universal knowledge and openness to explore new paths even if they contradict mainstream dogma.

As you might have already noticed, while we dream on one side, on the other we are rather rigorous in our approach. Whenever we can turn to proven and serious disciplines to get answers, we will. For example, in our journey we will rely on architecture, exegesis, biology, genetic and history. Anything that can help explain our origins and the possible interference from other advanced species – aliens – will be critically taken into account.

In the process, we deem it limiting to exclude the context, the frame, the space that include us and any other intelligent and advanced species anywhere else they might be living, close to Earth or far away. In the end, aren’t we sharing the same environment? Aren’t we subjected to the same rules of existence? Therefore, exploring what contains us all would set a shared foundation of knowledge that could ultimately help us understand the possibilities of their nature, their purposes, their advances, their power, their knowledge.

Before reviewing fascinating and powerful views and theories on the secrets of the universe, we find it imperative to offer a brief introductory dive into classical and quantum physics.


2. Quantum physics as a golden path to understanding

While the evolution stage of human race is clearly in its infancy, some disciplines have luckily made considerable progresses, often thanks to few key individuals. One such discipline that attempts to explain how everything works is quantum physics.

When we say everything, we mean everything: the nature of objects, what lies inside of us, the cause for the shining of the sun. Quantum physics is the discipline that goes to the root of matter until it reaches its smallest components (subatomic particles), either through observation or through calculation, when we hit the limits of our technology or nature. Due to these limits, we do not possess complete evidence for our theories; in fact, multiple theories exist that attempt to explain how the universe works.

In short: humanity is still in the dark about what truly constitutes the fabric of our existence. Could that be consciousness?

A brief introductory dive into classical and quantum physics

QUANTUM + Pop Culture — Royal Canadian Institute for Science


3. Einstein’s breakthroughs

Before attempting to explain what quantum physics is and what it represents, we deem it important to briefly touch on how it differentiates with the other main branch of physics that represents a complementary and yet incompatible set of rules to map out our reality: classical physics.

What Was Albert Einstein's IQ? - Biography


First of all, according to the Oxford dictionary, “physics” is “the branch of science concerned with the nature and properties of matter and energy”. At some point in the 20th century this subject reached a fork. On one side we have the classical physics that reached their pinnacle with the astounding discoveries of Albert Einstein and his theories of relativity.


Some of his major discoveries and implications are:

  • Proving the existence of atoms and providing measures for atoms;
  • Disproving the existence of the aether;
  • Explaining why the speed of light can never be reached – in other words, proving the constancy of the speed of light in all frames of reference;
  • Coming up with the revolutionary equation E=Mc2 meaning that matter can become energy and vice-versa and that the tiniest part of matter can unleash huge amount of energy through nuclear reaction;
  • The existence of the space-time fabric, meaning that space and time are intrinsically connected and form a malleable, flexible fabric;
  • Challenging Isaac Newton on gravity, proving that no such thing as “gravitational pull” exists; rather, the Earth is bending the space-time fabric and space is pushing objects towards the center of the Earth;
  • In the same way, the Earth circles around the Sun because the Sun bends space and space pushes Earth towards the Sun;
  • Finally, how his discoveries match with one another and combined they describe some of the major laws of the universe: space and time tell matter and energy where to go and matter and energy tell space and time how to look.

Classical physics therefore mostly handles the behaviour of larger objects like stars and planets, with the exclusion of some considerations and discoveries about atoms and photons. Now let us proceed with the next core topic as part of our brief introductory dive into classical and quantum physics.


4. Quantum physics for dummies

In 1900 German physicist Max Planck kicked off what became known as Quantum mechanics with some ingenious inventions around energy at the micro level eventually giving the name of “Planck state” to the smallest unit observable to humankind.

It must be stated that quantum physics is so complex and so counter-intuitive to anything we know at our level of understanding that incredibly few people understand it to a satisfactory level. Professor Richard Feynmann went as far as to say that no one does. It will therefore be no easy task for us to explain it succinctly and don’t feel discouraged if it sounds confusing. We’ll try our best, as usual.

Following several consistent experiments at the microscopic level, scientists found that everything in the universe is both a wave and a particle. Tiny particles of matter like electrons, tiny units of light like photons as well as minimal components of liquids like droplets have been utilised in these experiments.

A symbolic image for our brief introductory dive into classical and quantum physics

Artist’s impression, inspired by the work of the artist Maurits Cornelis Escher, of the continuous morphing between particle- and wave-like behaviour of light (Image credit: Nicolas Brunner and Jamie Simmonds)


As these tiny components that have been tested make up everything in the universe including humans, animals, stars, plants and the air that we breath, it is fair to infer that everything behaves both as a particle and a wave. This is called the wave-particle duality.

But what does that mean? In essence, it is likely to mean that our reality is probabilistic. Nothing and no one is on a fixed, predictable course of action; rather, anything can happen within certain frames of probability.

What’s more, human observations have an impact on the outcome of such experiments. It could be said that human consciousness influences reality.

The most famous experiment that is considered a landmark for Quantum physics is called the Double Slit Experiment. We find that it is comprehensive of the various ramifications of the quantum effects described above and at the same time it is most clarifying and self explanatory. Therefore, we recommend you to watch the video below that explains the quantum weirdness better than we will ever be able to.


After learning about the basic concepts of quantum mechanics we are left with more questions than answers. What mystery hides behind the behaviour of matter? What is matter then? How and why we can change the behaviour of particles? What kind of reality are we immersed in?

We have now come to an end of our brief introductory dive into classical and quantum physics. What to make of it? We believe that the key take-away points here are that reality can be bent and shaped by us and consciousness may be way more powerful than we dare to imagine.

It is important to stress that we are not observing these weird quantum effects directly in our nature, that is dominated by the classical laws of physics. And this is one of the main conundrum in our scientific community: why different laws dictate different levels of reality and how can we bridge the knowledge gap and get a unifying set of rules?

We believe that one appealing path to solve this mystery lies in elevating our level of consciousness. Science is crucial, but science alone may not allow us to take the leap to escape our puddle of ignorance. Spirituality combined with science could be the key to expand our consciousness and realise why we are here, who we are, what is the purpose of life and how we can unlock the secrets of our reality. Religions may hold some truths: let us explore which ones these could be.


5. Entanglement and Non-locality

As an add-on to the basics of Quantum Physics and in preparation of future articles concerning the working of our universe, we deem it imperative to briefly tackle one of the most bizarre events uncovered by quantum physics: the concept of Entanglement.



In 1935, Erwin Schrödinger introduced the term “entanglement” following an experiment that proved that two particles affect each other no matter the distance that separates them after they have interacted with each other for a little while.

In other words: you take two particles and keep them together for a period of time. Later, you separate them and proceed to modify the state of one of the two and by “state” it is meant the spin. Automatically and instantaneously, the second particle that you haven’t tampered will convert to the state/spin of the first particle. It should be noted that the spin change would occur instantaneously, therefore, faster than the speed of light.

The phenomenon of Entanglement violates the principle of locality, according to which something that occurs in one place cannot affect a second, distant place. Well, it really is not necessary to explain “locality”: it is how we perceive reality and act accordingly.

The real shock here is that “entanglement” implies that the universe is non-local. What this means is that “our sense of the universe as an orderly expanse where events happen in absolute locations is an illusion”. How can we wrap our head around living in an environment that is behaving so strangely and in such a different way from our most fundamental and basic ways we understand and experience it?

Schrödinger is telling us that you could visit the Liberty statue from Philadelphia and you could open the car door from your flat. Is it magic? Is it madness? Are we asking the right questions? Are we missing something? What does this all mean?

We intend to offer answers to these questions and more in upcoming articles around how our universe works. Stay tuned dreamers.



“The idea of an objective real world whose smallest parts exist objectively in the same sense as stones or trees exist, independently of whether or not we observe them…is impossible.” – Werner Heisenberg, Nobel prize in physics – source.



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